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Caroline Garaway


Tel: +44 (0)20 7679 8846

Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 8632


Room: 123


Lecturer, Environment and Development

Fellow – Higher Education Academy

Member – Human Ecology Research Group

Tutor – MSc Anthropology, Environment and Development

Publications Publications


Caroline Garaway obtained her PhD investigating the management and impacts of community-led fisheries enhancement in Lao PDR in 1999. As a Post Doc at Imperial College London and a social development consultant to MRAG ltd, her interest in the human ecology of living aquatic resource use and management led to her working in many parts of the world on DfID research projects (Lao PDR, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand , the Caribbean, and West Bengal) both as a Principal Investigator and a short term consultant. This work focused on understanding the human/environment interactions of many different systems including Inland Fisheries Enhancement Systems; Marine Protected Areas; Riverine Reserves and Irrigated Farmer-managed Aquatic Systems. With a strong interest in Action Orientated Research, an important feature of this work has been ensuring a wide range of counterparts are actively engaged in projects, from individual households within rural communities through to government staff. Caroline has continued much of this work after joining UCL in 2004 and, most recently, has been conducting research on the importance of ricefield aquatic biodiversity to rural livelihoods in Lao PDR.

Indicators of esteem

  • Member of International Scientific Committee on Enhancement and Sea Ranching for the 3rd and 4th International Symposia in Seattle, 2007 and Shanghai, China, 2011 respectively.
  • International Consultant in Aquatic Biodiversity and Nutrition for FAO, United Nations, under the FNPP National Agricultural Biodiversity Programme in Lao PDR, 2006 -2008.
  • Invited speaker ‘Fisheries Restocking and Stock Enhancement’, Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza, (Spain), 15 to 19 December 2008.
  • Invited speaker at the 8th Asian Fisheries Forum, Kerala India November 20-23rd 2007
  • Invited speaker at the 2nd International Symposium on Enhancement and Sea Ranching, Penang, Malaysia , 2004
  • Visiting scientist – Worldfish, Cambodia, January – April 2007
  • Reviewer for Mekong River Commission, DfID
  • Guest lecturer – Imperial College, Msc Environmental Technology – Social Research Methods 2004 – present

Research groups

Human Ecology Research Group

Research Projects

(as PI or co-PI)

  • Institutional approaches to enhancement fisheries, Marine Education and Conservation Trust, London, UK, June (Principal Investigator) June - November 2003

Research Interests

  • Aquatic resources, biodiversity and livelihoods
  • Fisheries Enhancement (social, institutional, human/environment impacts)
  • Marine Protected Areas: Conservation; tourism; and development
  • CBNRM and institutional approaches to common pool resource management
  • Action research, in particular Adaptive Learning Approaches in Fisheries Management
  • Development of integrated approaches to living aquatic resources management and research.


Arthur, R.I., Lorenzen, K., Homekingkeo, P., Sidavong, K., Sanvilaikham, B. & Garaway, C.J. (2010) Assessing impacts of introduced aquaculture species on native fish communities: Nile tilapia and major carps in SE Asian freshwaters. Aquaculture 299: 81-88.

Lorenzen, K., Smith, L., Nguyen Khoa, S., Burton, M., Garaway, C.J. (2007) Management of Impacts of Irrigation Development on Fisheries: Guidance manual. International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and WorldFish Center.

Garaway, CJ (2006) Enhancement and entitlement—the impact of stocking on rural households’ command over living aquatic resources: a case study from the Lao PDR. Human Ecology, 34 (5) , pp. 655-676.

Garaway, C.J., Arthur, R.I., Chamsingh, B., Homekingkeo, P., Lorenzen, K., Saengvilaikham, B. & Sidavong, K. (2006) A social science perspective on stock enhancement outcomes: lessons learned from inland fisheries in southern Lao PDR. Fisheries Research 80: 37-45.

Lorenzen,K., Almeida,O., Arthur,R., Garaway,C., Nguyen Khoa,S.(2006) Aggregated yield and fishing effort in multi-species fisheries: an empirical analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (63), 1334-1343

Arthur, RI and Garaway, C (2005)Learning In Action.A case study from Lao PDR. In: Gonsalves, J, et al (Eds) Participatory Research and Development for Sustainable Agriculture and natural resource management. A sourcebook. CIP-UPWARD/ IDRC

Garaway, C.J (2005) Fish, fishing and the rural poor. A case study of the household importance of small scale fisheries in the Lao PDR. Aquatic Resources, Culture & Development 1(2), 131-144. ISSN: 1477 - 903

Nguyen Khoa, S., Lorenzen, K., Garaway, C.J., Chamsinhg, B., Siebert, D. & Randone, M. (2005) Impacts of irrigation on fisheries in rain-fed rice-farming landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology 42: 892-900.

Garaway and Arthur, (2004). Adaptive learning: A practical framework for the implementation of adaptive co-management. Lessons from selected experiences in South and Southeast Asia. MRAG Ltd. Available from

Arthur, R.I. and Garaway, C.J. (2004) Creating Understanding and Ownership of Collaborative Research Results through ‘Learning By Doing’ STREAM Journal 3(1), 1-2.

Hoggarth,D.D., Koeshendrajana,S., Aeron-Thomas,M., Garaway,C., Halls,A.S., Nasution,S., Sarnita,A.(2003).An integrated assessment of Indonesian river fishery reserves; Part 1 - Introduction and study design; Part 2 - Institutional analyses; Part 3 - Biological studies; Part 4 - Socio-economic studies and the distribution of fisheries costs and benefits. Indonesian Journal of Fisheries Research 9(1), 1-26

Garaway,C., Lorenzen,K.Chamsingh,B.(2001).Developing fisheries enhancements in small waterbodies: lessons from Lao PDR and Northeast Thailand. ACIAR, ACIAR, 227-234

Lorenzen, K., Amarasinghe, US., Bartley, DM., Bell, JD., Bilio, M., De Silva, SS., Garaway, CJ., Hartmann, W., Kapetsky, JM., Laleye, P., Moreau, J., Sugunan, JJ., Swar, DB. (2001). Strategic review of enhancements and culture-based fisheries. in Aquaculture in the 3rd millenium, Rome:FAO, 221-237Bangkok/Rome: NACA/FAO

Lorenzen, K., Garaway, C.J., Chamsingh, B. & Warren, T.J. (1998) Effects of access restrictions and stocking on small water body fisheries in Laos. Journal of Fish Biology 53 (Supplement 1) 345-357.

Lorenzen, K. & Garaway C.J. (1998) How predictable is the outcome of stocking? In: Inland Fisheries Enhancements. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 374, pp. 133-152. Rome:FAO.


  • Christine Carter
  • Helen Cross
  • Adaoma Wasu
  • Alice Miller
  • Marie Anniq Moreau

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