AMERG005: Development in Latin America

This course is not available in the 2012-13 academic year


This course identifies the origins and appraises the outcomes of successive development approaches in Latin America over the twentieth century, with particular emphasis on social and economic development. Among the central themes explored are: (a) the emergence and evolution of distinct development approaches in the region and; (b) the challenges and opportunities created by the domestic political and economic landscape, international relations, and the global economy and the extent to which these have created or encumbered policy space in the region or engendered policy alternatives.

It begins by examining the debate over development and modernity as it has evolved over the course of the twentieth century in Latin America. It charts the decline of early Liberalism, and the spread through Latin America of alternative growth models, state forms, and state-society relations – among them corporatism, nationalist populism, authoritarian/military rule, and state socialism – as well as the virtual collapse of these alternatives and the turn to a new era of (neo)Liberal governance in recent decades. In the final three weeks of the course we move beyond the impasse in development theory to look at participatory and rights based development theories, sustainable development and finally to post-development thinking.

This course is assessed by means of a 4,000 word essay.

Introductory reading

  • Abel, C. and C. Lewis, Eds. (1993). Welfare, poverty and development in Latin America. Basingstoke, Macmillan.
  • Abel, C. and Lewis (eds) (2002) Exclusion and engagement ILAS
  • Archetti, E. P., P. A. Cammack, et al., Eds. (2000). Sociology of ‘developing societies’: Latin America. Sociology of ‘developing societies’. Basingstoke, Macmillan.
  • Cardenas, E, Ocampo and R. Thorp (eds) (2001) An Economic History of Latin America in 3 volumes.
  • Green, D. (1995, 2nd edition 2006). Silent revolution: The rise of market economics in Latin America: London, Latin America Bureau.
  • Gwynne, R. N. and C. Kay, Eds. (2004). Latin America transformed: globalization and modernity. London, Arnold.
  • Kay, C. (1989). Latin American theories of development and underdevelopment. London, Routledge.
  • Lehmann, D. (1990). Democracy and development in Latin America: economics, politics and religion in the postwar period. Cambridge, Polity.
  • Lopez-Arias, J. and G. M. Varona-Lacey, Eds. (1999). Latin America: An interdisciplinary approach. New York, P. Lang.
  • Midgley, J. (1995). Social development: The developmental perspective in social welfare. London, Sage.
  • Oxhorn, P. and P. K. Starr, Eds. (1999). Markets & democracy in Latin America: conflict or convergence? Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner.
  • Peeler, J. A. (1998). Building democracy in Latin America, Lynne Rienner.
  • Skidmore, T. E. and P. H. Smith (2001). Modern Latin America. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  • Smith, W. C. and R. P. Korzeniewicz, Eds. (1997). Politics, social change, and economic restructuring in Latin America. Coral Gables, Fla, North-South Center Press.
  • Thorp, R. (1998). Progress, poverty and exclusion: An economic history of Latin America in the 20th century. Washington, DC, Inter-American Development Bank.
  • Wood, C.H. and B. Roberts (eds), Rethinking Development in Latin America, Penn State 2005