Archaeology and Economic Development 2012

The Impact of Archaeological Tourism on Indigenous Communities in Peru

My research seeks to identify the relationship between local people and archaeological sites and to determine to what degree the economic implications of archaeological tourism affect this relationship. During July 2011, I conducted fieldwork interviewing vendors, tourists, and locals living in nine cities—Aguas Calientes, Cusco, Ollantaytambo, Payata, Pisaq, Piquillacta, Raqchi, Willoc, and Yucay. A linear regression analysis of my data provided information on the interconnectedness of economic potential, cultural awareness, and local organization. My conclusions present the most significant factors contributing to the relationship between local people and archaeological sites, as well as how site size affects the outcome. A secondary focus on legends as an indicator of cultural awareness at archaeological sites allowed me to evaluate the way in which communities develop individualized legends and beliefs.  

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