Lectures Seminars Course Information


Detail from George Caleb Bingham, "The County Election" (1854)







Questions to consider
1. Account for Andrew Jackson's appeal.
2. What did the Whig party stand for?
3. Who took part in politics in this period and how and why did they do so?
4. What was the function of political parties in American politics in this period?
5. Why was banking such a divisive issue in American politics in the 1830s and 40s?
6. When and how did a two party system emerge?

Primary sources
1824 Election cartoon [with explanatory notes by Daniel Peart]
A campaign biography supporting Andrew Jackson, 1828
Witnesses to the political process

Andrew Jackson on the Bank issue and Henry Clay on the tariff
"The Hunters from Kentucky"--Jacksonian Campaign Song, 1828
R. McKinley Ormsby defines the Whig personality type
John O'Sullivan, statement of principles from "The Democratic Review" (1837)

Introductory reading
James Morone, "The Resistable rise of the Common Man", in The Democratic Wish (1998)

Robert Wiebe, "Democracy", chapter 1 of Self-Rule: A Cultural History of American Democracy (1995)

Further reading

Lawrence Frederick Kohl, "Republicanism Meets the Market Revolution" [Review of Watson, L
iberty and Power] Reviews in American History 19:2. (1991): 188-193
Richard J. Ellis, "Competing Conceptions of Democracy", in American political cultures (1993)
Daniel Walker Howe, The Political Culture of the American Whigs (1979), esp. pp. 11-42
Major L. Wilson, "Liberty and Union," in Space, Time, and Freedom: The Quest for Nationality and the Irrepressible Conflict, 1815-1861 (1974), 3-21
Lawrence Frederick Kohl, "Introduction: Politics, Society, and the Individual in the Jacksonian Era," in The Politics of Individualism: Parties and the American Character in the Jacksonian Era (1989)
John Ashworth "The Jacksonian as Leveller" in the Journal of American Studies 14 ( 1980)

HerbertErshkowitz and William G. Shade, 'Consensus or Conflict? Political Behavior in the State Legislatures during the Jacksonian Era', Journal of American History 58 (1971): 591-621
Douglas E.Bowers, 'From Logrolling to Corruption: The Development of Lobbying in Pennsylvania, 1815-1861', Journal of the Early Republic 3 (Winter, 1983), 439-474
Donald B. Cole, The Presidency of Andrew Jackson (1993)

The place of politics in society
Daniel Feller, "Politics and Society: Toward a Jacksonian Synthesis"Journal of the Early Republic 10 (1990): 135-161

Samuel P. Hays, "Society and politics: politics and society", Journal of Interdisciplinary History 15: 3 (1985): 481-499
Paul F. Bourke and Donald DeBatts, "Restoring Politics to Political History", Journal of Interdisciplinary History 15:3 (1985): 459-466

Lawrence Frederick Kohl, "The Concept of Social Control and the History of Jacksonian America" Journal of the Early Republic 5: 1. (1985): 21-34

William E. Gienapp, ‘“Politics Seem to Enter into Everything”: Political Culture in the North, 1840-1860’, in Maizlish, Stephen E., and Kushma, John J. (eds.), Essays on American Antebellum Politics, 1840-1860 (1982)
Glenn C. Altschuler & Stuart Blumin, Rude Republic: Americans and their politics in the nineteenth century (2000)

Conceptions of parties and politics
Marc W. Kruman, "The Second American Party System and the Transformation of Revolutionary Republicanism", Journal of the Early Republic 12 :4 (1992): 509-537
Jean H. Baker, "A sense of party: George Bancroft, Martin Van Buren and Samuel Cox", from Affairs of Party (1983)
Party Period debate in Journal of American History: Ronald P. Formisano, "The 'Party Period' Revisited", Journal of American History 86 (1999): 93-120; Mark Voss-Hubbard, "The 'Third Party Tradition' Reconsidered: Third Parties and American Public Life, 1830-1900", Journal of American History 86 (1999): 121-150; Michael F. Holt, "The Primacy of Party Reasserted", Journal of American History 86 (1999): 151-157
Harry S. Watson, Liberty and Power (1990), esp. ch 2, 5-8.

Women and politics
Norma Basch, ‘Equity vs. Equality: Emerging Concepts of Women’s Political Status in the Age of Jackson’, Journal of the Early Republic 3 (1983), 297-318
Nancy F. Cott, The Bonds of Womanhood: “Woman’s Sphere” in New England, 1780-1835, (1977)
Robert J. Dinkin, Before Equal Suffrage: Women in Partisan Politics from Colonial Times to 1920 (1995)
Barbara Leslie Epstein, The Politics of Domesticity: Women, Evangelism, and Temperance in Nineteenth-Century America, (1981)
Lori D. Ginzberg, Women and the work of benevolence: morality, politics, and class in the nineteenth-century United States (1990)
Nancy A. Hewitt, Women’s Activism and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822-1872, (1984)
Linda K. Kerber, et. al., ‘Beyond Roles, Beyond Spheres: Thinking about Gender in the Early Republic’, William and Mary Quarterly 46 (1989), 565-585
Rosemarie Zagarri, ‘Women and Party Conflict in the Early Republic’, in Pasley, Jeffrey L., Robertson, Andrew W., and Waldstreicher, David, (eds.), Beyond the Founders: New Approaches to the Political History of the Early American Republic (2004)
Elizabeth R. Varon, ‘Tippecanoe and the Ladies, Too: White Women and Party Politics in Antebellum Virginia’, Journal of American History 82 (1995), 494-521
Paula Baker, "The Domestication of Politics: Women and American Political Society, 1780-1920," American Historical Review 89 (1984): 620-47
Mary P. Ryan, Women in Public: Between Banners and Ballots, 1824-1880 (1990)
Anne M. Boylan, "Women and Politics in the Era before Seneca Falls", Journal of the Early Republic 10 (1990)